TUNA (transurethral needle ablation) burns away excess prostate tissue using radio waves. It helps with urine flow, relieves symptoms, and may have fewer side effects than TURP. Most men need a catheter to drain urine for a period of time after the procedure.
TUMT (transurethral microwave thermotherapy) uses microwaves sent through a catheter to destroy excess prostate tissue. This can be a treatment option for men who should not have major surgery because they have other medical problems.
TUVP (transurethral electroevaporation of the prostate) uses electrical current to vaporize prostate tissue.
Open prostatectomy means the surgeon removes the prostate through a cut in the lower abdomen. Prostate tissue is then sent to the laboratory to check for prostate cancer. This surgery is done only in very rare cases when obstruction is severe, the prostate is very large, or other procedures can't be done. General or spinal anesthesia is used, and a catheter remains in place for 3 to 7 days after the surgery.
Open prostatectomy carries a higher risk of complications than medical treatment (treatment with medications). Be sure to discuss your treatment options with your doctor and ask about the potential short- and long-term benefits and risks of each procedure.