Several tests, such as a digital rectal exam (DRE) and a urine test, can be done to see if you have this condition. Getting an accurate diagnosis of your exact type of prostatitis is the key to getting the best prostatitis treatment. Even if you have no symptoms, you should follow your doctor's suggestion to complete treatment.
Prostatitis is not contagious. It is not spread through sexual contact. Your partner cannot catch this infection from you.
Prostatitis may account for up to 25 percent of all office visits by young and middle-aged men for complaints involving the genital and urinary systems.
The treatment will depend on the type of inflammation the patient has.
Acute Bacterial Prostatitis
This is the least common of the four types, but it is also the easiest to diagnose and treat effectively. Men with this disease often have:
- Pain in the lower back and genital area
- Urinary frequency
- Urgency to urinate -- often at night
- Burning or painful urination
- Body aches
- A demonstrable infection of the urinary tract as evidenced by white blood cells and bacteria in the urine.
The treatment for this type of prostatitis is an appropriate antibiotic.
Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
Chronic bacterial prostatitis is also relatively uncommon. It is acute prostatitis associated with an underlying defect in the prostate, which becomes a focal point for bacterial infection to linger in the urinary tract. Effective treatment usually requires identifying and removing the defect and then treating the infection with antibiotics. However, antibiotics often do not cure this condition.